How is womb cancer treated?

surgeons-performing-surgery

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Surgery

Surgery is the most common way to treat womb cancer. The aim of the surgery is to remove all the tumour.

Your doctor will discuss if surgery is suitable for you. It will depend on the type and size of the cancer and if it has spread or not.

The most common type of surgery is the removal of the womb, the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. This is called a total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Sometimes the lymph nodes are also removed. Read more about surgery for womb cancer.

Radiotherapy

External radiotherapy: This involves using high energy rays to kill the cancer cells. It can be given after surgery. It may also be given if the cancer has spread to the area around the womb. 

Internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy): The radiation source is placed inside your womb for a very short time to kill the cancer cells. 

Read more about radiotherapy for womb cancer.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses drugs to cure or control cancer. It can be given after surgery (adjuvant therapy) in the treatment of womb cancer. It can also be used alone or with radiotherapy. Read more about chemotherapy and its side-effects. 

Hormone therapy

The two female sex hormones, progesterone and oestrogen, can affect how cancer cells grow in the lining of your womb. Hormone treatment may be given to help reduce the tumour and control some of your symptoms. Normally hormone therapy involves tablets or injections of the hormone progesterone. Side effects are usually mild – weight gain, fluid retention or feeling sick – but let your doctor know if you have any side-effects that are troubling you. 

Will I get side-effects?

The type of side-effects you get will depend on the type of treatment, the dose, the duration and your own general health. 

Your doctor or nurse will discuss any possible side-effects with you before your treatment. 

Read about the different treatments to find out more about possible side-effects. You can also read our section Coping with side-effects and symptoms for more information and advice.

Treating metastatic cancer

Metastatic or secondary womb cancer means the cancer has spread beyond the womb. 
Remember that not all womb cancers spread. 

If you have metastatic womb cancer, your doctor will aim to slow down the growth of the cancer and reduce or relieve any symptoms you have. Treatment includes Chemotherapy, surgery to relieve symptoms and / or hormonal therapy. Or you may be suitable for a clinical trial

Read more about metastatic cancer.

For more information

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