Middle aged woman

Cervical cancer

About 300 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in Ireland. 

Cervical cancer is treated with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, depending on the type.

What is cervical cancer?

Cancer of the cervix is cancer of the cells lining your cervix. At first abnormal (precancerous) changes occur. These abnormal cells are called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). These cells are not cancerous but if left untreated may develop into cancer.

Cancer is when the abnormal cells in the cervix form a tumour. These cells may then break away and spread to other areas. 

About 300 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in Ireland. 

What is the cervix and what does it do?

The cervix is found deep inside your vagina at the lower end of your womb (uterus). It is often called the neck of the womb as it is the opening to the womb from the vagina. It is shaped like a cylinder or tube.


Usually your cervix is closed but opens during labour to let the baby be born.

The cells in your cervix are changing all the time. Most changes happen in an area called the transformation zone. Sometimes abnormal changes happen.


We use the term ‘woman / women’ in our cervical cancer information but we understand that not everyone who has a cervix identifies as a woman. 

It doesn’t matter who you are or where you come from, we are here for you.

More information about cervical cancer treatment

Treatment for cervical cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. For more information about treatments for cervical cancer, visit our treatment page. For specific treatment information use the links below.

Online Community Support: Cervical cancer

Looking for support?

Our cancer support section contains information and advice on coping with cancer for diagnosed patients and their loved ones.

Publications about cervical cancer
Downloadable booklets and factsheets
Cervical cancer leaflet
Cervical Cancer - What You Should Know leaflet
This leaflet gives information on what increases your risk of cervical cancer, screening, how to reduce your risk and more.

For more information

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1800 200 700

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