Causes and prevention for bone cancer

The exact cause of primary bone cancer is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease.

These include:

  • Age: Most primary bone cancers occur in teenagers.
  • Previous cancer treatment: Your risk may be slightly higher if you have received high doses of radiotherapy to a bone area.
  • Paget´s disease: If you have this long-term bone disease, your risk might increase.
  • Genetic conditions: Most primary bone cancers are not inherited or passed on in families. But certain genetic conditions can increase your risk. For example, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) and retinoblastoma.
  • Benign bone tumour: If you have a benign or non-cancerous bone tumour, you may have a higher risk of developing a primary bone cancer. For example, osteochondroma or a chondroma.

Call our National Cancer Helpline

Freephone 1800 200 700 to talk to a specialist cancer nurse
It's open Monday-Thursday from 9am to 7pm and Friday from 9am to 5pm