To speak to a specialist cancer nurse,
freefone the National Cancer Helpline
1800 200 700
Mon—Thurs 9am—7pm Fri 9am—5pm
The oesophagus is a long muscular tube that connects your throat with your stomach. It is about 12 inches long in adults.The back of your throat splits into two tubes, your airway (trachea) and your oesophagus. Your airway connects your mouth and nose to your lungs and allows you to breathe. It is connected to the top of your oesophagus. When you swallow, your oesophagus tightens and relaxes, pushing food down to your stomach. A valve at the top of your oesophagus stops food from going into your lungs.
When cancer develops in the oesophagus, the cells change and grow in an abnormal way to form a tumour. Cancer can develop anywhere in the oesophagus.
Usually the tumour does not cause symptoms at first, but as it grows it can cause difficulty with swallowing. Cancer cells sometimes break away from the tumour and can spread to other parts of your body.
Every year about 300 people are diagnosed with oesophageal cancer in Ireland. Almost twice as many men get the disease as women.
Freephone 1800 200 700 to talk to a specialist cancer nurse
It's open Monday-Thursday from 9am to 7pm and Friday from 9am to 5pm