Causes and prevention of gall bladder cancer

The cause of gallbladder cancer is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of developing the disease. These include:

  • Age: Gallbladder cancer is more common in older people.
  • Gender: It is more common in females.
  • Obesity: If you are overweight, you are more at risk of developing gallbladder cancer.
  • Smoking: Smokers are more at risk than non-smokers.
  • Family history: If you have a first-degree relative with gallbladder cancer, you have a higher risk. But the risk is still small. A first-degree relative is a mother, father, brother, sister or child.
  • History of gallbladder problems: These problems include gallstones, an inflamed gallbladder, polyps (benign tumours), abnormal bile ducts, porcelain gallbladder (a build-up of calcium).

If you have or had the above gallbladder problems, you might not go on to develop gallbladder cancer. But you may have a higher risk. If you are worried, do talk to your GP.

Call our National Cancer Helpline

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