Causes and prevention of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)

The exact cause of ALL is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease.

These include:

  • Exposure to chemicals: These include certain pesticides, benzene and other chemicals found in industry.
  • Exposure to radiation: This includes exposure to high doses of radiation in industry or nuclear accidents or to previous radiotherapy.
  • Genetic disorders: These include Down syndrome and Fanconi anaemia.
  • Previous medical treatment: This includes taking previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy or drugs that affect your immune system.

Call our National Cancer Helpline

Freephone 1800 200 700 to talk to a specialist cancer nurse
It's open Monday-Thursday from 9am to 7pm and Friday from 9am to 5pm