Reduce your risk of prostate cancer

The cause of prostate cancer is unknown at present. But there are things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease.

Risk factors for prostate cancer include:

  • Age: Your risk increases as you get older. Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer are aged over 50 years.
  • Family history: Men whose brother or father developed prostate cancer at a young age have an increased risk. For more information, see our Cancer and genes factsheet.
  • Race: African-American and African-Caribbean men are more at risk than other ethnic groups.
  • Diet: Men who eat a lot of red meat and high-fat dairy products and not enough green vegetables may have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer. A healthy diet can reduce your risk of cancer. Find out what makes a healthy diet and what foods to avoid.

Be physically active

Physical activity can help reduce your risk of cancer. Find out how being active can reduce your risk.

Be a healthy weight

Being a healthy weight is one of the best ways to protect yourself from cancer. Find out more about body weight and cancer.

See our booklet Prostate cancer - what you should know for more information about how to reduce your risk of prostate cancer.

For more in-depth information on prostate cancer, and how we can support you, check out our prostate cancer information pages.

Date Last Reviewed: 
Monday, January 7, 2019