Facts about prostate cancer

In Ireland, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, after skin cancer. Each year over 3,600 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in Ireland. This means that one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime. Although there are many men with this disease, most men do not die from it.

What causes prostate cancer?

The cause of prostate cancer is unknown at present. But there are things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease.

Risk factors for prostate cancer include:

  • Age: Your risk increases as you get older. Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer are aged over 50 years.
  • Family history: Men whose brother or father developed prostate cancer at a young age have an increased risk.
  • Race: African-American and African-Caribbean men are more at risk than other ethnic groups.
  • Diet: Men who eat a lot of red meat and high-fat dairy products and not enough green vegetables may have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer.

Download our Prostate Cancer – What you should know leaflet

For more in-depth information on prostate cancer, and how we can support you, check out our prostate cancer information pages.

Date Last Reviewed: 
Monday, November 6, 2017