Treatments for early prostate cancer

This section contains information on treatments for early prostate cancer.

Early prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is most often diagnosed in the early stages, before it has begun to spread beyond the prostate gland.
Early prostate cancer is also called localised prostate cancer. This means the cancer is only found in the prostate gland - it has not spread outside of the prostate gland. Often early prostate cancer is so small it cannot be felt by the doctor on examination of your back passage and it may have no symptoms. 
There are several treatment options available to treat early prostate cancer and most aim to cure the cancer. Some men may be suitable for active surveillance, which means having regular tests to check (monitor) your cancer before deciding to start treatment.

How is early prostate cancer treated?

Early prostate cancer can be treated in a number of ways. Both you and your doctor together will decide which treatment suits you best. Your doctor will explain that the ‘best’ treatment depends on the risk posed by your disease and how extensive it is which is measured by the PSA  test and stage  as well as your general health. It is common for you to be asked to make a decision about which treatment you prefer.
Many men may find it stressful having to choose between treatment options, and worry they will choose the wrong one. In many cases in early prostate cancer there is no single best option, so it’s important to take enough time to think through each treatment option and then decide which one is right for you. You could also look at our page on making a decision for more information.
If you have early prostate cancer you may be given a number of treatment choices.
The treatment possibilities for your prostate cancer are often discussed by a group of doctors working together with you.This is known as a multidisciplinary team (MDT) and includes a surgeon (urologist) and doctors who are specialists in radiotherapy, hormonal therapy and chemotherapy treatments (clinical oncologists), as well as specialist nurses and other disciplines. 
Date Last Reviewed: 
Friday, July 25, 2014
Date Last Revised: 
Wednesday, April 8, 2015