About prostate cancer
Welcome to our information pages about prostate cancer. Please follow the links below to learn more about prostate cancer.
What is the the prostate gland?
The PSA protein turns semen into liquid. Some of this protein can pass into the bloodstream. When doctors check the prostate gland, they often measure levels of this protein in your blood. This is called the PSA test.
If your PSA level is higher than normal, it can sometimes be a sign of prostate cancer. However it can also be a sign of a less serious condition.
What are prostate urinary symptoms?
- A slow flow of urine
- Trouble starting or stopping the flow
- Passing urine more often, especially at night
- Pain when passing urine
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Feeling of not emptying your bladder fully
It is also important to understand that early prostate cancer may not cause urinary symptoms, or any symptoms at all. It is not safe for you to assume that because you have no prostate urinary symptoms that you do not have prostate cancer. Visit your doctor if you are worried.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer cells may not grow at all or else grow slowly during a man’s lifetime. Many men never develop problems or symptoms from their prostate cancer. In some, prostate cancer grows more quickly and needs treatment to prevent it spreading outside of the prostate gland.
In most cases prostate cancer can be cured or kept under control.
Prostate cancer most often occurs in men in their fifties and onwards. It can occur on rare occasions in men in their late forties. The risk of developing prostate cancer rises with age.
Early prostate cancer
Locally advanced prostate cancer
Advanced Prostate Cancer (Metastatic)
Advanced or metastatic prostate cancer can also happen in a small number of men who have been treated for localised prostate cancer and whose prostate cancer has now recurred (come back).
How common is prostate cancer in Ireland?
In Ireland, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, after skin cancer. Each year over 3,300 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer here. This means that 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime. Although there are many men with this disease, most men do not die from it.
What are other common prostate problems?
Call our National Cancer Helpline
Freephone 1800 200 700 to talk to a specialist cancer nurse. It's open Monday-Thursday from 9am to 6pm and Friday from 9am to 5pm