Causes and prevention of larynx cancer

The exact cause of laryngeal cancer is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of developing the disease. These include:

  • Age: Your risk of laryngeal cancer increases with age.
  • Gender: Laryngeal cancer is more common in men than women.
  • Smoking: If you smoke, you have a higher risk of laryngeal cancer.
  • Alcohol: If you drink a lot of alcohol, especially spirits, your risk is higher. If you drink and smoke, your risk is even higher.
  • Viruses: If you are exposed to viruses, your risk can increase. For example, HPV (human papilloma virus).

If you feel you may be at risk, first talk to your family doctor (GP) about your concerns. He or she may advise you to visit a specialist. If you would like to give up smoking, talk to your GP or call the National Smokers’ Quitline on 1800 201 203.

Call our National Cancer Helpline

Freephone 1800 200 700 to talk to a specialist cancer nurse
It's open Monday-Thursday from 9am to 7pm and Friday from 9am to 5pm