What are the types of vulval cancer?

Middle aged woman

Squamous cell carcinoma

More than 9 in every 10 vulva cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. This type of vulval cancer starts in the squamous cells, which are a type of skin cell. There are 2 types of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva:

  • Keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma: This is the most common type and is seen mostly in older woman over the age 60. It is not linked to the HPV virus.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: This is far less common. This is most commonly seen in younger woman and is associated with HPV.

Other types of vulval cancer:

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Vulval melanoma
  • Verrucous carcinoma
  • Sarcoma

If you require any further information about the other subtypes mentioned above please contact our Support Line on 1800 200 700 or visit a Daffodil Centre.

Knowing the type of vulval cancer you have will help your medical team to decide on the best treatment for you.

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